Learn to make your own homemade hydroponics system to grow virtually any plant, vegetable and fruit without soil.
Choosing a hydro farm hydroponics grow light system may very well be the hardest choice you'll get to make regarding your greenhouse. Find out what you need to look for and what you need to stay away from in terms of hydroponic lighting.
There's such a huge amount of hydroponic lighting solutions available out there that's it's getting rather difficult for a newcomer to choose right. Competition is great, since it spurs quality products and having several choices to pick from definitely gives you more control, but when you have fluorescent lights, hydroponics led lights, high intensity discharge metal halide lamps, high intensity discharge sodium lamps and many others to choose from, things can get a bit tricky. As if that wasn't enough, you'll have to make sure the hydro farm hydroponics grow light system you buy satisfies some of your basic needs as a gardener. Confused again? Here are some of the conditions a quality lighting system should provide:
Without question, light intensity should be a major factor when buying your hydro farm hydroponics grow light system. Especially in larger greenhouses, where light gets diffused from the space, a powerful system will be able to shine regardless. Your best choices in terms of light intensity come from HID systems (HID stands for high intensity discharge, so you know they're intense!), with either metal halide or high pressure sodium lamps.
Closely tied to the above factor, the amount of area that you can cover can be either given by the lamp itself, or by some auxiliary means, such as placing the light in a reflective container, to cover more area with the same light source. Again, more powerful lamps such as high intensity discharge ones are better suited for covering larger areas.
I know it's easy to dismiss this idea as science fiction, but it's actually scientifically proven that plants use different color temperatures from the light spectrum for various purposes. For example, blue light is used to feed off the plant and its components, while red light is a stimulus for it to grow higher and wider. Some plants use other colors from the spectrum, but at a lower extent (orange, pink and green). So you'll probably want your hydro farm hydroponics grow light system to have a good balance between red and blue light during the plant's growth process. Hydroponic led lights work great towards this, but you could also use a HID system with interchangeable metal halide (blue light) and high pressure sodium (red light) lamps.
As you probably noticed, for most of the above conditions, high intensity discharge lamps were favorites. They are indeed a great lighting choice (although expensive and power hungry, but we won't go into that in this article) but they produce that extraordinary power at the cost of working with tremendous amounts of heat, often going over 1000F. This makes them extremely vulnerable to humidity and in case you keep your hydro farm hydroponics grow light system in constant moisture, there's a chance it will pop, sending potentially harmful high velocity glass fragments in their radius and more often than not, starting a fire that can prove devastating if unattended. That's why you need to keep a keen eye on humidity levels and just how much your light system can take.